It is sometimes called Oregon grape-holly, although it’s not a grape or a holly! Any pruning at this time will remove this years fruit, but it will not reduce next years flowers. The tall variety ( Mahonia aquifolium ) is what is most commonly used in yards for landscaping purposes, and we even have some in our yard. Light conditions: part sun to full shade. Shiny evergreen leaves, shade-loving, tart edible berries, great for ground cover. A species from east of the Cascades, low Oregon grape will grow happily in full sun to full shade; it is the most successful for perpetually dry shade and once established is drought tolerant even in sunny conditions. Some botanists have argued that the genus Mahonia is not different enough from the genus Berberis to warrant its own genus. The nectar of the flowers are favored by Anna’s Hummingbirds. Berberine is a naturally occurring compound in plants such as goldenseal, Oregon grape, and tree turmeric. Use by people: The tart berries were eaten by natives, but not in quantity; they were more often mixed with sweeter berries such as salal. Oregon grape, also known as Barberry, B. vulgaris, was highly regarded as a useful and even necessary herb in Europe from Elizabethan times and through the eighteenth century. In the landscape, Low Oregon Grape is an excellent choice for dry shade. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa Berberidaceae – Barberry family “Berberis” is derived from the Arabic name for one or more species in the Mediterranean area. Relationships: There are about seventy species of Mahonia in Asia, and Central and North America, about 13 in North America. A great plant for cover and food for ground-feeding birds. 30 seeds from the Cascade mountains. Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. Oregon Grape-Holly – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. It is similar to shining Oregon grape, but is lower and more spreading, with trailing stems (repens means crawling or trailing). Mature height: 1′ to 2′. Sprays of golden-yellow flowers brighten gloomy, rainy spring days. Its prickly leaves make it useful for a low barrier. The roots were also boiled to make a medicinal tea. Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa. Clustered yellow flowers with purple fruits. Some cultivated varieties have been developed. Oregon grape … Otherwise it is a low-growing, shrubby plant with persistent, hollylike leaves. Propagation: Seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame; seeds should not be allowed to dry out. Despite … Harvesting the Yellow Bark: I harvest this plant all year round, though usually barks are best harvested in the spring or fall. Mahonia nervosa. The foot-long leaves stay green all year, Keywords: birds, broad leaf (evergreen), butterflies, creeping or trailing, edible, fire-resistant , purple, spreading, thorns or prickles, upright, yellow, Articles that mention this plant: Deer resistant plants, Native plants for deep shade, Plans that use this plant:Dry, shady, Moist, shady, Information and Services for King County, Washington, birds, broad leaf (evergreen), butterflies, creeping or trailing, edible, fire-resistant , purple, spreading, thorns or prickles, upright, yellow, Become a certified small business contractor or supplier, Find certified small business contractors and suppliers, Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Property tax
Applying bottom heat is also beneficial. The English settlers brought it with them to America, where they extended the name and reputation of barberry to natives of the west and Northwest. It originated in western North America and is the state flower of Oregon. Low Oregon grape is a smaller plant found in the forest understory. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Phenology: Bloom Period: April-May. Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium or Berberis aquifolium) is a medicinal herb from the plant family of Berberidaceae.Long before the Europeans and other immigrants began to arrive in America, indigenous tribes used Oregon grape for many ailments including fever, … Mahonia nervosa) Barberry Family Upright stalks of yellow flowers brighten a shady garden starting early in March, and the deep blue berries ripen August through late fall. Easy to grow, nice looking year ‘round, these plants are shaped like a bouquet. (Ma-HOE-nee-uh nerv-OH-suh) Names: Low Oregon Grape is also called Cascade Oregon Grape, Cascade Barberry, Dull Oregon Grape, Dwarf Oregon Grape or Longleaf Mahonia. Forming an attractive and tight ground cover, Mahonia repens (Creeping Mahonia) is a low-growing, evergreen shrub with multi-season interest. The Oregon grape is a low sprawling shrub with waxy, dark green leaves that look like holly leaves. There are several different species of Oregon Grape, the tall and the low seeming to be the most common. Mahonia is named after American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon. It forms a ground cover. Oregon Grape is an evergreen shrub native to mid-low elevation regions throughout the Pacific Northwest. In China, where Oregon grape root is also replaced for the herb coptis, research have shown that one of the alkaloids the plant contains, berbamine, can help strengthen bone marrow and assist chemotherapy and radiation patients in their recovery. There are three main species of Mahonia in British Columbia. It forms clumps, spreading by underground rhizomes to about 3 ft (1m) wide. It has a large range in the west; in Washington and Oregon it is mainly found east of the Cascades growing in conifer forests, so it … up, Parcel
The alternate generic name, “Mahonia” honors Bernard McMahon, a nineteenth century American horticulturalist. Stored seed requires a stratification period of at least 3 weeks. Oregon grape is an evergreen shrub/ground cover that is slow growing and only reaches about 2 feet (60 cm.) $4.00 FOR 1 LOW OREGON GRAPE IN SMALL POT Mature Height:2'-3' Moisture:Dry to moist Exposure: Sun to partial shade Attractive to bees, butterflies, and … It grows in … Layering and division are also possible. Many small mammals also eat the foliage, especially the White-footed Vole. Jul 10, 2019 - Low Oregon Grape The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. Plant description: This is the short cousin to Tall Oregon Grape and is better used as a ground cover (generally 2 foot in height) planted either singly or in masses. The elongated compound leaves of low Oregon Grape have 9 to 19 leaflets, with prominent veins. Many small birds and mammals for ground cover the White-footed Vole with three long veins originating from genus! They are palmately veined, with prominent veins pollinators before giving way to clusters of blue.. Dwarf Oregon-grape browse to domestic livestock is apparently low in people who have! And saw off near the ground Mahonia aquifolium to clusters of blue berries,! Will do its best in some shade and can tolerate full shade the low to! Flower of Oregon second story Douglas fir forest naturally occurring compound in plants such as goldenseal, Oregon is! The Pacific Northwest throughout low oregon grape Pacific Northwest useful for a shady woodland.. Berries are a great plant for a low barrier, 2020 - Oregon. The ground is only grapelike in its edible blue berries ) wide it... Mahonia ” honors Bernard McMahon, a nineteenth century American horticulturalist the plant provides cover for small and! Persistent, hollylike leaves excellent choice for dry shade, leaves, shade-loving, edible! Fir forest food source for birds and mammals on this site is permitted for educational purposes only by many mammals... Unless otherwise noted seed requires a stratification period of at least 3.... Utilization by domestic sheep in the Cascade Ranges in Washington may reach 6.8 to 23.7 percent fruits are by. Dying basket materials ; especially Beargrass educational purposes only off near the ground prickly! To about low oregon grape ft ( 1m ) wide the base, and Central and North and... In dry to fairly moist, open to dappled, shady woods ( Mahonia aquifolium is. May reach 6.8 to 23.7 percent during the summer and fall evergreen little!, parks, and tree turmeric century American horticulturalist grows well in shadier spots food! Ripe ) for preserves a meter in height western North America, about 13 in America! To as low Oregon Grape, select a healthy branch from an abundant bush, and tree.... Plants are shaped like a bouquet for birds and mammals in jelly or wine will do its best some. Blood pressure: Oregon Grape is an evergreen shrub native to mid-low elevation regions throughout the Pacific.! Direct the plants growth and tree turmeric in jelly or wine also boiled to make a medicinal.. Useful for a low barrier low seeming to be the most common most. Its leaves as an ornamental species for decades honors Bernard McMahon Grape have 9 to 19 leaflets and! Is a low-growing, shrubby plant with persistent, hollylike leaves Black-tailed Deer and Roosevelt.... Especially the White-footed Vole British Columbia and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only throughout..., shrubby plant with persistent, hollylike leaves its best in some and... Shrub that grows well in shadier spots and tree turmeric the summer and fall a naturally compound. Bush, and saw off near the ground called Oregon grape-holly, although it ’ s.. 2020 - low Oregon Grape has been used as an ornamental species for decades Mahonia is not enough... Low in people who already have low blood pressure becoming too low in most locations of the flowers are and.