In our example above using the F major scale, this means we will be lowering the A (the 3rd) to Ab, the D … I’ve been thinking about adding a section to the site on understanding chord progressions for a while. The formula for forming a natural (or pure) minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step. I really enjoy it a lot and I think I do have some improvement in my playing. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. Let’s do a quick recap of the three types of minor scales. Download our free PDF versions of each scale with fingering. The Natural Minor Scale is often referred to simply as “the Minor Scale”. It's also true to say that the C major scale is the relative major of A minor; it can go both ways. For example, you can see the relationship between C major and A natural minor in the diagram: If you look at the notes of the natural minor in relation to the notes of a major scale with the same root, we have the notes: That is, if you flatten the 3rd, 6th and 7th degree of a major scale, you have the natural minor scale with the same root. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. The minor scale, however, contains a minor, or flattened 3rd degree that is 1 1/2 steps away from the root. Related to this, consider that E is the 3rd of C major. List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. The scale formula for the natural minor scale is 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7. For example, C major is the notes C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C and then according to our formula, the natural minor scale is the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A. SUPER IMPORTANT QUESTION! Apart from the 6th and 5th String Positions starting with the 1st Finger on the Root, please explain me as to start with Which Finger in the rest of the 3 Positions. Very interesting and informative nice one. The Formula Of The Natural Minor Scale. Thanks, for the information about the chords and scales.Would you please tell me how to find the correct chords in any type of song.Please help me with this,I would really be grateful to you. 1 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b7. From Eb, a whole step takes us to F. Another whole step takes us to G. From G, we go up a half step to Ab. Natural Minor Scale Formula The Natural Minor Scale is easy to remember because it is the relative minor scale to the major scale a third higher. In terms of the starting point of the scale, you are right that according to the formula, if the starting C in C major was the C on the staff in FACE, then the starting A of the natural minor would be the A on the staff in FACE. Natural minor In order to create a natural minor scale, we simply start with the major scale and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th scale degrees by a half-step. Is the Relevant Minor of a Major always the same as the “Natural” Minor? I think your incorrectly extending the above formula and assuming this applies to all relative minor scales, but it is only for the “modal” natural minor scale. Now that we have talked about both the natural minor and harmonic minor scales, lets take a minute to introduce the 3 rd minor scale in our repertoire: the melodic minor scale. Because of this relationship relative minor scales share the same key signature as their major counterparts and vice versa. Use the formula T – S – T – T – S – T1⁄2 – S 3. Its confusing me so muchhh. … It is a way to construct the natural minor or Aeolian mode. backing tracks designed for the aeolian mode. The Natur… So for example, the A in A natural minor could start on any of the A’s above or below the C of the C major your looking at. It’s the starting point on sheet music I’m trying to locate? Change the root note to see different variations of the Natural Minor guitar scale. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. The combination of tones and semitones that form the scale are as follows: Natural Minor Scale = Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone, Guitar Positions for the Natural Minor Scale. If I use the Major C Scale to compute the Relative Minor of A, and then use the Major Scale and starting with A and using the WHWWHWWH, I get A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A as the Relative Minor Scale which you show in one place as the Natural A Minor Scale. When the 7th is harmonised in this way, it is acting as a dominant and can be a substitution for the V7. I think I understand the basics of forming the scale of a Major Key, Converting the Major into the Relevant Minor, and forming the scales of that Minor. A tone = a whole Step or two keys on the piano. Where exactly on these scales you move your hand position can vary depending on the phrase your playing, but these suggestions should be good for learning the scale ascending and descending. The Natural minor scale, also known as simply the Minor scale, is commonly used in all styles of music. To guide you, here are the minor scales in every key: C = C - D - Eb - F - … When harmonising in a minor key, it is often the case that the all the degrees of the scale are harmonised with the natural minor except the 5th degree which can be harmonised with the harmonic minor scale, resulting in the dominant 7th you can see in autumn leaves. This is because the natural minor scale is based on the major scale. What is the formula for constructing a major scale? So how does this all come together? Correct or am I missing something here??? Let's take a look at the scale notes to get a clearer picture. In it's acending form the only lowered note is the 3rd. I’m trying to learn scales now , (practiclly i can play slash ,Metallica…etc but dont know much A natural minor scale (or Aeolian mode) is a diatonic scale that is built by starting on the sixth degree of its relative major scale. Or perhaps it is the lack of sleep. The Harmonic minor was derived by the need for a Dominant chord on the 5th degree (V) of the minor scale - enabling a Perfect Cadence (a Dominant 7th V chord resolving to a I minor chord). The harmonic minor scale formula (with S representing semitones and T representing tones) is: T – S – T – T – S – T1⁄2 – S The CAGED system breaks the neck into 5 different positions. Probably the next extension of such a concept is that the 7th degree in a minor key can sometimes be formed from the harmonic minor, which would result in a diminished 7th chord such as a F#dim7 in the key of G minor. From A, we go up a half step to Bb. So, the Relative Minor Scale must only be in theory and you don’t use it as A Minor when playing a guitar??? However where on the staff you start these scales can be any of the C’s for C major or any of the A’s for A minor. It's all tied together. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. The formula for the natural minor scale is W, H, W, W, H, W, W (H means half which is 1 fret, W means whole so 2 frets). In say classical however, the harmonic minor scale is the main minor scale used in constructing harmony, resulting in a different set of chords in the key and therefore different common minor chord progressions. Download PDF Additionally, keep in mind that scales are often played over several octaves, which would result in more common tones. So the formula has only constructed our sequence of letters, but say the starting A of the natural minor could be the A on the staff in FACE, or the A above the staff or the A below the staff (or even several octaves above or below this). Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. But beyond that, there’s need to learn how to transpose the natural minor scale … Also, these suggestions are if you are starting at the bottom note in the pattern, but you will often want to practice the scales starting at the root as well. Depending on where you start some of the notes may be octave(s) higher or lower than in your c major scale, but for this purpose they are still really considered the same notes of the scale. Thankyou. ... – Play the natural minor scale ascending starting on the 1st fret and then play it descending starting on the 2nd fret, ascending on the 3rd fret, descending on the 4th fret, etc. …that’s the A natural minor scale and it contains all the notes in the key of A minor. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note. Playing the easiest natural minor scale on the keyboard is good. The combination of tones and semitones that form the scale are as follows: Natural Minor Scale = Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone … That article takes you through using the major scale as an example, but you can apply the exact same procedure to form chords from the natural minor scale. Probably the most helpful thing you can do is mention it on a forum, share or like it on your favourite social media platform or if you're a blogger, mention it in a blog post. The same situation works for the natural minor scales using flats. What I recommend is to take a look at the Guitar Scales section of my site and there you will see the six most common scales, each presented in their two most common positions. I wanted to ask about minor scale… OR are they basically derivatives of the mode shapes themselves? The new Q&A section is a great place to ask questions or give answers to any music related questions. In the CAGED system, which is probably the most common method of presenting guitar scales, each scale can be played in one of 5 positions. The C Natural Minor scale starts on C and follows the formula I, II, iii, IV, V, iv, vii. I see that in natural minor scale, 5th degree is must to be minor 7th. We have designed these pages so they will print out clearly, so you can take this reference guide with you everywhere you go. Minor scales provide a darker, and often more complex sound than major scales. You can use a scale such as the natural minor to form a family of chords that often work well together in the same key. Let’s dive right in. Check out this comparison between the A natural minor and the C major scales below: These scales are actually the same! #1. For variety, I'll use Bass clef. As it decends, it's a plain old natural minor scale; a lowered 3rd, 6th, and 7th. As before with the major scales, you can figure out any natural minor scale (or any scale for that matter) by knowing it's ‘interval formula'. Hi! Since I know the other 6 patterns anyway. All of these scales starting on different A’s are still the A natural minor scale and as such a scale is independent of the octave it is played in. Scale formula: 1, 2, b3, 4, 5, b6, b7. ANYWAY: If I’ve learnt how to play the 7 mode shapes corresponding to the major scale and linked them together across the fretboard, then I can play, say the Aeolian pattern and extend it up and down the fret board yes? There are three types of minor scales: natural, harmonic, and melodic. The most common use of the harmonic minor scale presents itself in chord progressions in a minor key. For the next pattern that also has the root on the 5th string, I would start the pattern with my 1st finger and then move my hand down a fret at the 4th and 3rd strings then back up for the 2nd and 1st strings. However, in practical application, the scales are actually independent of the octave. The Chords Formed from the Natural Minor Scale. Where am I going wrong here as I understand you can have more than one octave in a Major or Minor Scale??? How the Natural Minor Scale is ALSO Derived from the Minor Pentatonic Scale Also, most of the time when we refer to a ‘minor' scale we're generally referring to the natural minor. So A minor is the relative minor of C major. This does not acagree with the Natural, Melodic nor the Harmonic Minor Scales. The formula your looking at is not a set way to construct the relative minor of a major scale. It would seem that the A, B, C, etc would be the A in FACE and B in boy and C in FACE, etc?? Relative minor The natural minor scale is also known as the Aeolian mode or relative minor. Guitar theory)but I don’t know which scales to learn , I mean when you learn chords its the basic A,B,C,D,E,F,G chords and I thought same is the case with scales , but when I searched C major scale , I found completely different scales all claming to be c major ,and same is for the other G,D etc , help!!!! Starting a scale on the different notes of the major scale is the formula to construct modes of the major scale, but is not the only way to construct the minor scales that can comprise the relative minor key. To learn how it's implemented check out the chords section. Just one thing I don’t understand. The use of the dominant 7th gives the chord a greater feeling of wanting to resolve to the i chord. natural minor scales. These positions for the natural minor scale (with the root note circled) are as follows: You can then progress to the remaining three positions as follows: When practicing these positions, in addition to practicing the scales ascending and descending, I also like to practice sequences of the scales as well. What's interesting about this scale is that it's different going up than it is coming down. Just think of the harmonic minor being used for it's harmonic functions. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. Different chord progressions may use the natural minor or the harmonic minor to harmonise the 5th depending on what sound they want. The relative minor is a minor key and the scales of this key could be the natural minor scale, the harmonic minor scale or the melodic minor scale. 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